Learning : More Expression Of Time
Share |

Abstract : Stating when something happened or when something will happen is always up there when meeting people for the first time. Usually the question is “When did you come to Shanghai?” In this experience, we'll learn how to tackle the question head on!

View In PDF 

Hi, nǐmen hǎo ma? How are you everyone? Again, in today's experience we will learn time words.

jìhuà

计划

plan

zhège xīngqī

这个星期

this week

xiàge xīngqī

下个星期

next week

jīnnián

今年

this year

qùnián

去年

last year

míngnián

明年

next year

zhège yuè

这个月

this month

shàngge yuè

上个月

last month

xiàge yuè

下个月

next month


FOR EXAMPLE:

Wǒ jīnnián jìhuà qù Měiguó.

I plan to go to US this year.

我今年计划去美国。

Wǒ qùnián zài Shànghǎi gōngzuò.

I was working in Shanghai last year.

我去年在上海工作。

Nǐ zhège xīngqī gàn shénme?

What will you do this week?

你这个星期干什么?

Nǐ xiàge xīngqī qù nǎli?

Where will you go next week?

你下个星期去哪里?


I think you've noticed the difference between saying “this year” and “this month” in Mandarin. Let's review how to say “today”, “yesterday” and “tomorrow”. Yes, “jīntiān”, “zuótiān” and “míngtiān”. “tiān” means “day”. Comparing with what we learned today, it will help you to memorize.

 

Remember the regulation of time words? In Mandarin, time words need to put before the verb. On the contrary, time words will be the end of a sentence in English.


Ok, let's learn more time words, here we go:

yǐqián

以前

before

yǐhòu

以后

after

time


We need two new words in our sentence examples:

wǔcān

午餐

lunch

yújiā

瑜珈

yoga


FOR EXAMPLE:

 

Fā e-mail yǐqián gěi wǒ dǎ diànhuà.

Call me before you send me the e-mail.

email以前给我打电话。

Wǔcān yǐhòu wǒmen tán yīxià.

Let's talk about this after lunch.

午餐以后我们谈一下。

Wǒ yī gè xīngqī zuò liǎng cì yújiā.

I do yoga twice a week.

我一个星期做两次瑜珈。

If “before” and “after” divide the sentence into two parts. Remember, in Mandarin we always say the part lead by “before” and “after” first, follow by “before” and “after,” finally the next part of your sentence.

"cì” means “time”. Just add numbers in front of “cì”, you are telling the frequency. “liǎng cì” means “twice”; “wǔ cì” means “five times“. Did you get it? Ok, this is today's experience. We've learned a lot time words, but don't worry, keep the rule in mind, it's easy as ABC!

 

It's easy as ABC!

View In PDF 

Daily Juice

Daily Juice

Simplified

Traditional

qiāo

extort/knock/to strike/to knock (at a door)/to hit

Membership

Enjoy all the learning features & content by upgrading your membership to a Royal Member.

Make Me A
ROYAL MEMBER

AskBenny
Every Brick Counts

Donate to help build a better Chinese learning site

Spread the word and share the love of Chinese Language Learning!
Follow askbenny on Twitter