|Initials (shēngmŭ 声母)||Finals (yùnmŭ 韵母)|
Pinyin differs from other romanizations in several aspects, such as the following:
- ü jiàndào j,q,x, tuōmào xíng gè lǐ (when ü meets j,q,x, take the hat off and say hi, which means ü changes to u when ü meets j, q, x).
- Syllables starting with ü are written as yu in place of ü (e.g. üe is written as yue).
- Syllables starting with i are written as y in place of i (e.g. iou is written as you). Standalone i is written as yi.
- Syllables starting with u are written as w in place of u (e.g. ueng is written as weng). Standalone u is written as wu.
- When preceded by a consonant, iou, uei, and uen are simplified as iu, ui, and un (which do not represent the actual pronunciation).