Learning : Basic Verbs 2
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Abstract : As we always say, “verbs” are the backbones to any language, here are a few more important verbs to add to your growing list! Learn the difference between “telling” something to “saying” it or the difference between “knowing” someone to “knowing” something!

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Hi, dàjiā hǎo, welcome back. Jīntiān nǐmen hǎo ma? (How are you guys today?) Huānyíng lái Bennysland, wǒ shì Benny (Hello everyone, welcome to Bennysland, I am Benny). This time the experience is about some basic verbs because verbs are really important in Chinese sentences.

All right the very first verb we need to learn is:

gàosù

告诉

to tell

/

he/she


FOR EXAMPLE:

Tā gàosù wǒ , tā xǐhuān chī niúròu.

She tells me she likes to eat beef.

她告诉我她喜欢吃牛肉。

Wǒ gàosù nǐ.

I tell you.

我告诉你。

Nǐ gàosù tā.

You tell him/her.

你告诉他/她。


Now you’ll need to know “to say” which is:

shuō

to say


FOR EXAMPLE:

Tā shuō tā xǐhuān Shànghǎi.

She says she likes Shanghai.

她说她喜欢上海。


Attention please, in English you say, “she says to me, I say to him”, but in Mandarin we use tell, like “she tells me”, we do not have the “say to” structure.

Let'’s keep moving, The next 3 verbs are:

xūyào

需要

to need

lái

to come

gěi

to give

fāpiào

发票

invoice


FOR EXAMPLE:

Wǒ xūyào kāfēi.

I need coffee.

我需要咖啡。

Míngtiān wǒ lái Shànghǎi.

I will come to Shanghai tomorrow.

明天我来上海。

Míngtiān wǒ gěi nǐ fāpiào.

I will give you invoice tomorrow.

明天我给你发票。


These verbs are so useful, but still not enough. Here come the last 3 words:

zhīdào

知道

to know

rènshi

认识

to know somebody personally

xuéxí

学习

to study


FOR EXAMPLE:

Nǐ zhīdào Shànghǎi ma?

Do you know Shanghai?

你知道上海吗?

Wǒ rènshi YáoMíng.

I know YaoMing personally.

我认识姚明。


9 verbs are not enough for speaking fluent Chinese, but we did learn a lot today. Please use these verbs plus other words we’ve learned before. You will feel the difference between “before” and “now”. Good luck my friends. See you next time, xièxie, zàijiàn!

 

It's easy as ABC!

 

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Daily Juice

Daily Juice

Simplified

Traditional

qiāo

extort/knock/to strike/to knock (at a door)/to hit

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